House mice are well-known rodents all over the world. They reside in temperate locations both in the wild and in residential properties. A house mouse originated in Asia and Europe and spread to all corners of the globe via passenger and trading ships.
House mice live outside during warmer months. Homeowners often report signs of infestations during the winter season as that is when they seek shelter indoors.
House Mice: Appearance and Identification
- Color: a house mouse is dark gray or brownish in color.
- Size: adults measure 2-3 inches long.
Characteristics: they have big ears, small, bulging eyes, and a pointy nose. Their long, scaly tails and tiny feet help with balance, letting house mice run and climb surfaces very quickly.
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House Mice: Habitat
House mice are commonly found on barns and houses. In houses, they hide in areas that get less foot traffic like:
- Under furniture;
- Wall voids;
- Clothing, shoes, boxes, and other items that are left untouched for a long period of time.
House Mice: Behavior
House mice prefer living close to their food source. A mouse continuously explores its surroundings and memorize every pathway.
The nests of house mice can be constructed from several different materials like paper, cloth, and other soft materials. They need space for everyday living, food storage, nursing, entering, and exiting.
Outdoors, a mouse will burrow underground to create a nest. Because it is a nocturnal creature, it tends to forage 30 ft from its nest at night to transport and then store food.
House Mice: What Do They Eat?
House mice will eat anything that humans eat. However, they prefer seeds and grains if they are available. Outdoors, roots, seeds, and certain insects are their favorite. Inside a residential property, they will consume sugary and fatty foods like chocolate, meat, and butter. More obscure food items they eat include rubber and glue. A house mouse is capable of surviving without fresh drinking water. It gets hydrated from what it eats.
House Mice: The Problems that They Cause
They can cause aesthetic damage to a property because of their propensity to gnaw and nibble on items regardless of whether they are edible or non-edible. They are always in search for suitable sustenance. Items that are often damaged by house mice in homes include electrical wires and insulation in walls. They also destroy bags and containers in barns and houses in order to access food. In some cases, a large population of house mice will decimate crops as they dig seeds and consume maturing plants.