Rats are intelligent rodents, and they are adaptable to change. What’s incredible about these creatures is that they can memorize every single path that they take. Known for being excellent team players, they are persistent species. They also make perfect hunters as they can consume whatever water or food resource that they can find.

Mice and rats have a similar appearance. But, rats have longer feet. The teeth marks of rats are larger as well. They are considered as one of the world’s most frightening pests as they are capable of causing irreversible damages to residential properties. Although rats are difficult to distinguish from mice and other rodents, they can still be identified from their habits.

Roof Rats

 Roof rats, also known as black rats, house rats, and ship rats, are exceptionally good at climbing. They prefer their habitats to be at great heights. They reside in shrubs, thick plants, and trees in a wild atmosphere. In domestic areas, these rats prefer safe places that are hidden like walls and roofs. Unlike Norway rats, roof rats choose warmer environments. 

By H. Zell 

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via Wikimedia Commons

 

Norway Rats

Norway rats are called sewer rats and brown rats as well. They prefer staying at lower heights unlike roof rats. Gardens, wood heaps, fields, foundations, garages, trash, and basements are their favorite spots to hide. They build their nests using materials like tattered papers and cloth. You can easily identify one because of its color which is sturdy gray-brown. Norway rats are larger in size compared to all other species of rats. Also, the length of their tails is smaller in comparison to their bodies. These rats can swim and they are nocturnal creatures.

Tomas Cekanavicius

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 via Wikimedia Commons

Signs of a Rat Infestation

It becomes hard to look for the signs of an infestation because you wouldn’t be able to spot them during daytime. They will only come out during the day if they have been forced or they are having a contest with their fellow rats. If you spot one running across your house and it’s during the day, that should be of great concern because there is a possibility that you have already been infested with rats.

How to Spot an Infestation

  • Check if there are burrows or nests near trees, attics, and your home’s foundation.
  • Different sounds like hitting or scratching will give you a clue to where they are in your house. Also, this gives you the idea that rats are in your home.
  • It’s mandatory for these pests to chew on both hard and soft materials. Check for gnawing and chewing marks around your home.